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See also Adenoma of the Prostate

Benign enlargement of the prostate gland (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, BPH) is the most common cause of urinary symptoms in men around the age of 40-50.

Prostate problems can have benign or malignant causes. The most common benign disease is an enlargement of the prostate gland (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, BPH). Changes in this organ located below the bladder usually begin between the ages of 40 and 50 of age. About 50 percent of men over age 65 suffer more or less affected by the associated symptoms. The enlargement of the prostate is not connected at all concerned with complaints. Therefore, the distress of BPH varies very pronounced. In addition, prostate problems by irritation, inflammation or cancer (prostate cancer) are caused.


Prostate diseases can be triggered by the following:

  • Irritation from various causes
  • acute or chronic inflammation
  • BPH
  • Cancer (prostate cancer)

Irritation of the prostate may arise, inter alias through a non-optimal lifestyle. These include:

  • Lack of exercise, especially frequent prolonged sitting

  • Overweight
  • Stress
  • low sexual activity

Inflammation of the prostate is often caused by bacteria that can invade the urinary tract or the bloodstream into the prostate. The causes of BPH are not yet fully understood. The main factor for their development is likely to shift the hormonal balance in men by the 50th of age. Because the prostate surrounds the urethra, leading to their increasing magnification several urinary symptoms (such as a weakened urinary stream, incomplete emptying of the bladder).


The symptoms of BPH are mainly due to the fact that the enlarged prostate constricts the urethra. Typical are:

  • Frequent urge to urinate, even at night
  • Occasionally compulsive urge to urinate
  • Delayed start of urination
  • Small amounts of urine emptying
  • Feeling of incomplete urination
  • Weak urine stream
  • "Dribbling" after urination
  • Involuntary loss of urine (incontinence)

Other prostate diseases (such as inflammation, cancer) are often associated with similar symptoms as BPH. May additionally cause the following symptoms:

  • Burning and pain while urinating
  • Pain and tension during and after ejaculation
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Fever
  • Testicular pain
Treatment of prostate problems

The prostate treatment depends on the cause. Possible triggers include:

  • Irritation of various causes
  • acute or chronic inflammation
  • BPH
  • Cancer (prostate cancer)
Treatment of prostate inflammation

Prostate inflammation can be acute or chronic. Acute inflammation usually caused by infection with bacteria. Chronic infections (eg abscesses) usually have to be removed surgically.

Treatment of cancers of the prostate

The treatment of cancer of the prostate (prostate cancer) depends on the stage of disease. The following treatments are:

  • Surgical removal of the tumor or the entire prostate
  • Hormone treatment
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy


Treatment depends on the stage of disease. In a very early stage is often a "watchful waiting", coupled with a healthy lifestyle is practiced. Mild to moderate symptoms, medications come with vegetable or chemical agents are used, which must be taken regularly.

Medication with herbal ingredients (herbal remedies) are prescription. Drugs with chemical agents must be prescribed by a doctor.

Established the diagnosis of BPH is to recommend regular check-ups (approximately 1 to 2 times a year) from a specialist in urology.

For severe symptoms, surgery is often necessary. This affects about 20 percent of men with prostate problems. The operation, which means the removal of the enlarged and modified parts of the prostate tumor-like, leads to cure of the disease. Medication, however, is not a cure, but it only alleviate the symptoms.

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